website. Hospers; Ulrich Marcus; The emis Network (2013). Creighton, "Long term health consequences of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM, Maturitas, 80(1 January 2015 (pp. . It is the most severe form of FGM. Type IIc: The inner labia and part of the clitoris are cut off. Journal of Gay Lesbian Mental Health (published online ).
Rigmor, berg - Google BB Professional Services Research to guide constructive action Does Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) Affect Womens Female genital mutilation - Simple English Wikipedia, the free Fall 2013 faculty staff experts Semester at Sea study
The systematic review substantiates the proposition that a woman whose genital tissues have been partly removed is more likely to experience increased pain and reduction in sexual satisfaction and desire. Female ritual circumcision in Africa: An investigation of the presumed benefits among Ibos of Nigeria. The controversy over female genital mutilation. 11 The World Health Organization and the "Maputo Protocol" to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights also say that FGM must be stopped. Hospers; Michele Breveglieri; Martina Furegato; Peter Weatherburn; The emis Network (2013). BMC Public Health, 13:1083. 6, it is often done with a razor blade or other sharp instruments, in many cases without anesthesia. Experiencing sex in exile: Can genitals change their gender? Missing or empty url ( help access-date requires url ( help ) Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A Statistical Overview and Exploration of the Dynamics of Change, New York: United Nations Children's Fund, July 2013 (hereafter unicef 2013. . Ulrich Marcus; Ford Hickson; Peter Weatherburn; Axel. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 113 (5 11241136.
Google Scholar, adam,., Bathija,., Bishai,., Bonnenfant,., Darwish,., Huntington,.,. Biochemical and physiological mechanisms of female genital sexual arousal. For example, of the 25 countries where FGM happens most often, it is least common in these countries: 6 FGM can hurt women's physical and mental health throughout their lives.